The International Mother Earth Day will be celebrated for the third time on April 22, 2012. The celebration has been introduced by the initiative of the United Nations Organization.
The UN environmental protection activities started in 1970s. The 27th UN General Assembly proclaimed the World Environment Day to be celebrated on June 5, since this day in 1972 the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment started its work. At the same time the United Nations Environment Programme was launched.
The 63rd UN General Assembly proclaimed the International Mother Earth Day by the initiative of the President of Bolivia Evo Morales on April 22, 2009 (res. A/RES/63/278). The GA President Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann in his address on the issue said:
"International Mother Earth Day promotes a view of the Earth as the entity that sustains all living things found in nature. Inclusiveness is at the heart of International Mother Earth Day; fostering shared responsibilities to rebuild our troubled relationship with nature is a cause that is uniting people around the world".
There has been a tradition for several decades among the environment defenders to celebrate the Earth Day on April 22. This is why the UN decided to commemorate International Mother Earth Day the same day. In many cultures there is a wide-spread perception of the Earth as mother of all living beings, the fact affirming close connection between the Planet and the human beings. Celebration of Mother Earth Day reminds us of the necessity to evolve development models which could successfully secure mankind’s economic and social interests and protect the environment, while the international scale of the event underlines collective responsibility for safety of our Planet.